Historical Events. His lawyers were refused a re-trial. Laval became Minister of Colonies in the new right-wing government of Gaston Doumergue. Unlike other occupied countries, France was technically protected by the armistice, and its workers could not be simply rounded up for transportation. Maître Pierre Laval, a French lawyer, was sentenced to death and faced a firing squad at the large prison of Fresnes, France, on October 15, 1945. [73] Laval requested that his lawyers witness his execution. His lawyers were refused a re-trial. The French government will immediately order all the French authorities and administrative services in the occupied zone to follow the regulations of the German military authorities and to collaborate with the latter in a correct manner. The victory of the Popular Front in 1936 meant that Laval had a left-wing government as a target for his media. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! When mutinies broke out after General Robert Nivelle's offensive of April 1917 at Chemin des Dames, he spoke in defence of the mutineers. The poison, however, was so old that it was ineffective, and repeated stomach-pumpings revived Laval. He saw most of Jaffré, who sat with him, talked, listened and took down notes that he wanted to dictate. [71], Although Pierre-Henri Teitgen, the Minister of Justice in Charles de Gaulle's cabinet, personally appealed to Laval's lawyers to have him attend the hearings, he declined to do so. The promise to match any reduction of German reparations with a decrease of the French debt was not put in the communiqué. If that happened "our forces would continue to fight until their strength and resources were extinguished. Laval’s trial began on the afternoon of 4 October 1945 and lasted until 8 October when the next day the jury went into deliberations. I am not one of those high-brow attorneys who engage in academic controversies and pose as intellectuals. France, on the other hand, had a relatively small stake in Germany's private debt but a huge interest in German reparations, and payment to France would be compromised under Hoover's moratorium. At first Laval also resided in this castle. Seventeen days elapsed between the proposal and the vote of confidence of the French legislators. He believed that to risk the loss of so important a stabilizing force in Europe as Italy, merely because of formal obligations to Abyssinia, was absurd". Laval is buried on the Cemetery of Montparnass in Paris. You would suffer, both physically and materially, and you would add to your country's misfortunes. In 1914, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a member of the Socialist Party, and remained committed to his pacifist convictions during the First World War. I am proud to be what I am. Together they hoped to avert war. When ordered to have all Jews in France rounded up to be transported to German-occupied Poland, Laval negotiated a … [53], More and more the insoluble dilemma of collaboration faced Laval and his chief of staff, Jean Jardin. [10] "I was never a very orthodox socialist", he declared more than forty years later in 1945, "by which I mean that I was never much of a Marxist. His eyes were on the demilitarised zone of the Rhineland; his thoughts on the Locarno guarantees. Laval was born 28 June 1883 at Châteldon, Puy-de-Dôme, in the northern part of Auvergne. Pierre Laval : biography 28 June 1883 – 15 October 1945 Initial postwar career From Socialist to Independent In 1919 a conservative wave swept the Bloc National into control. 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